Neuropathy is when the nerves in the body are damaged affecting the whole region. When nerve damage is that of the legs and the arms then the correct term used is proximal neuropathy. Nerve damage on the hands and feet are called peripheral neuropathy.
Proximal neuropathy can either be inherited or acquired. Some symptoms are the pain, weakness of the muscles, and sensation loss. However, it is always best to see a physician to check on the symptoms.
Caused by Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is known to be the major cause of foot and leg neuropathy. The spike in sugar level damages the nerve and the best option of it not happening is monitoring the blood sugar, responsible diet, and regular exercise.
One of the cruelest effects of diabetes is that the nerve damage it brings or the proximal neuropathy it causes is not irreversible.
Once the patient started with insulin medication, it becomes a regular prescription that needs to be adhered to. Other methods to alleviate pain from the legs or feet is acupuncture. Physical therapy also helps the blood flow to the legs and feet with proximal neuropathy.
Dysfunction of the endocrine system can cause proximal neuropathy. The condition acromegaly is the enlargement of ligaments, tendons, joints, and bones and is caused by the excessive production of the growth hormone.
The side effects of the enlargements will be that the blood vessels can be crushed resulting in proximal neuropathy.
Hypothyroidism is the underproduction of the thyroid hormones. This condition results in tissue swelling and fluid retention compressing the surrounding nerves causing them trauma. The trauma will damage or injure the nerves thus resulting in neuropathy.
Hypothyroidism is reversible through medication. The diagnosis of this hormonal imbalance requires the patient to submit a blood sample for laboratory testing. The patient who has hypothyroidism commonly gains weight easily.
Alcohol sure takes a toll on the body. Chronic alcoholism depletes the nutrients in the body which also affects the nervous system. It also results in alcoholic neuropathy attacking causing permanent damages to the feet and legs.
Thiamine, one of the vitamins necessary to keep the nervous system healthy, can be depleted by excessive alcoholism. When the body lacks thiamine, the nerves start to degenerate into neuropathy.
Alcoholics with poor nutrition are most likely first to acquire proximal neuropathy. Vitamins which help combat neuropathy are vitamins B6, B12, E, and B1.
Drugs Side-effects and Foreign Toxins
Toxins from factories and industrial wastes are the major sources of toxins which cause nerve damage. Metal elements such as thallium, mercury, and lead deliver greater risks of proximal neuropathy.
Long-term treatment medications are known to have side effects which lead to neuropathy. Antibiotics, antiviral, anticonvulsants, and cancer-treatment medications are among the drugs with these side effects.
When the patient starts feeling numbness, tingling, and difficulty in walking, he needs to see his physician to reassess the dosage or the drugs he is taking. The medication may be terminated or substituted or their dosages will be reduced.
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